Integrated framework for green and sustainable energy resources within the South African context.
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On the back of energy shortages, hiking electricity tariffs, mitigating climate change, and the initiative taken by households to generate electricity through renewable resources, it is important to study green technology, and in doing so, understand the perceptions of the utility with regards to green and sustainable energy resources, uncover the drivers that impact or influence these resources, and in tandem, study the impact that green and sustainable energy resource have on the utility, industries, the economy and society. Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Programme (REIPPP) forecasts that renewable energy will contribute to almost 42% of the country’s energy in the next 20 years. However, improper integration of renewable energy resources could become a threat to the existing national power supplier. Since South Africa has plenty of green energy resources including solar, wind, hydro and biomass, this study investigates the impact of sustainable energy resources to the utility, small industries, the economy and society in order to develop an integrated framework for green and sustainable energy resources within the South African context. Overall, the developed framework highlights the best possible way to integrate clean energy resources into existing power system network in a sustainable manner within the current energy landscape.