# Analysis of shear-free spherically symmetric charged relativistic fluids.

 dc.contributor.advisor Maharaj, Sunil Dutt. dc.contributor.advisor Govinder, Keshlan Sathasiva. dc.contributor.author Kweyama, Mandlenkosi Christopher. dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-17T12:55:27Z dc.date.available 2012-07-17T12:55:27Z dc.date.created 2011 dc.date.issued 2011 dc.description Thesis (Ph.D.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville, 2011. dc.description.abstract We study the evolution of shear-free spherically symmetric charged fluids in general relativity. This requires the analysis of the coupled Einstein-Maxwell system of equations. Within this framework, the master field equation to be integrated is yxx = f(x)y2 + g(x)y3 We undertake a comprehensive study of this equation using a variety of ap- proaches. Initially, we find a first integral using elementary techniques (subject to integrability conditions on the arbitrary functions f(x) and g(x)). As a re- sult, we are able to generate a class of new solutions containing, as special cases, the models of Maharaj et al (1996), Stephani (1983) and Srivastava (1987). The integrability conditions on f(x) and g(x) are investigated in detail for the purposes of reduction to quadratures in terms of elliptic integrals. We also obtain a Noether first integral by performing a Noether symmetry analy- sis of the master field equation. This provides a partial group theoretic basis for the first integral found earlier. In addition, a comprehensive Lie symmetry analysis is performed on the field equation. Here we show that the first integral approach (and hence the Noether approach) is limited { more general results are possible when the full Lie theory is used. We transform the field equation to an autonomous equation and investigate the conditions for it to be reduced to quadrature. For each case we recover particular results that were found pre- viously for neutral fluids. Finally we show (for the first time) that the pivotal equation, governing the existence of a Lie symmetry, is actually a fifth order purely differential equation, the solution of which generates solutions to the master field equation. en dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10413/5939 dc.language.iso en en dc.subject Einstein field equations. en dc.subject Differential equations. en dc.subject Theses--Applied mathematics. en dc.title Analysis of shear-free spherically symmetric charged relativistic fluids. en dc.type Thesis en

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