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Error performance analysis of n-ary Alamouti scheme with signal space diversity.

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In this dissertation, a high-rate Alamouti scheme with Signal Space Diversity is developed to improve both the spectral efficiency and overall error performance in wireless communication links. This scheme uses high modulation techniques (M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) and N-ary phase shift keying modulation (N-PSK)). Hence, this dissertation presents the mathematical models, design methodology and theoretical analysis of this high-rate Alamouti scheme with Signal Space Diversity.To improve spectral efficiency in multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) wireless communications an N-ary Alamouti M-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (M-QAM) scheme is proposed in this thesis. The proposed N-ary Alamouti M-QAM Scheme uses N-ary phase shift keying modulation (NPSK) and M-QAM. The proposed scheme is investigated in Rayleigh fading channels with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). Based on union bound a theoretical average bit error probability (ABEP) of the system is formulated. The simulation results validate the theoretical ABEP. Both theoretical results and simulation results show that the proposed scheme improves spectral efficiency by 0.5 bit/sec/Hz in 2 × 4 16-PSK Alamouti 16-QAM system compared to the conventional Alamouti scheme (16-QAM). To further improve the error performance of the proposed N-ary Alamouti M-QAM Scheme an 𝑁𝑇 ×𝑁𝑅 N-ary Alamouti coded M-QAM scheme with signal space diversity (SSD) is also proposed in this thesis. In this thesis, based on the nearest neighbour (NN) approach a theoretical closed-form expression of the ABEP is further derived in Rayleigh fading channels. Simulation results also validate the theoretical ABEP for N-ary Alamouti M-QAM scheme with SSD. Both theoretical and simulation results further show that the 2 × 4 4-PSK Alamouti 256-QAM scheme with SSD can achieve 0.8 dB gain compared to the 2 × 4 4-PSK Alamouti 256-QAM scheme without SSD.


Masters Degree. University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban.