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Environmental conflicts and women's vulnerability in Africa.

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African Journal of Conflict Resolution


This article examines environmental conflicts and women’s vulnerability in Africa. Environmental resources are critical to poor women’s productive and reproductive lives in Africa. Environmental resources diversify livelihoods and are key to the survival strategies women adopt. Environmental conflicts are of concern in several parts of Africa and they have gendered impacts that need to be considered. This article focuses on two main aspects. The first examines the linkages between environmental conflicts, women’s vulnerability and gender-based violence. The second considers environmental conflicts, access to resources and women’s vulnerability. In particular, the focus is on the way in which conflicts restrict women’s access to and control of environmental resources. Additionally, the impacts of environmental degradation which tend to characterise environmental conflicts are considered. The article also briefly discusses women’s responses and adaptation strategies to the challenges they confront in relation to environmental conflicts.



Women and the environment--Africa., Environmental degradation--Social aspects--Africa., Violence--Environmental aspects., Women--Environmental aspects.


Perry, E.C., Potgieter, C. & Bob U. 2010. Environmental conflicts and women's vulnerability in Africa. African Journal of Conflict Resolution 10(2), pp. 121-136.