An exploration of factors that are perceived to create parenting stress among mothers for whom pregnancy was mistimed or unintended : an object relations perspective.
It is a novel experience for a woman to enter into motherhood. While she may have some familiarity with basic methods of childcare, the experience of caring for her own child is a new one. Becoming a mother elicits a transformation for a woman, from a „self as a self‟ to a „self as a mother‟. When the pregnancy is unplanned, this transformation may be particularly complicated. This study explored this transformation by focusing on the stressors and supports mothers reported during pregnancy and in early motherhood, for women whose pregnancies had been unintended. The study utilized a psychoanalytic perspective, particularly object relations theory (ORT), to understand how the mother‟s object relations have been influenced by her perceptions and her stress levels, in her transition into motherhood. A qualitative approach was adopted in this study, so that the researcher could gain a “rich” description of the participants‟ experiences of pregnancy and motherhood. Five mothers, whose eldest was four years or younger and who had not intended to conceive, participated in focus groups and individual interviews. The data gained was analysed by means of thematic analysis, which brought about a list of perceived stressors and support factors. These stressors were categorized and discussed in relation to child-specific factors, factors specific to parenthood, environmental factors, and factors specific to the unintended nature of the pregnancy. The perceived supports included psychosocial support, allomaternal support, financial support, and information.
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Integrative complexity in South African Parliamentary debate : the normative basis for variability. Soderlund, John G. (1999)All 1996 parliamentary speeches of two members from each of three parties represented in the South African parliament were coded for the extent to which they demonstrated integrative complexity, a measure of the level of ...
An investigation of psychological stress, coping styles/strategies and psychological adjustments in a sample of Indian South African women with breast cancer in different developmental stages of the life-cycle. Selmer, Colette Anne. (2015-01-05)The purpose of this research was to examine some major themes of stress, coping styles/strategies, and psychological adjustment to breast cancer, of 116 English speaking, low socioeconomic status Indian South African ...
Psychological capital and orientation to happiness as protective factors in coping with stressors among first year psychology students, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa. Okafor, Daniel Chinedu.Psychological Capital, a recently developed, higher-order construct, and happiness applied to the environment of work have been hypothesized to aid employees cope with stressors and job satisfaction in the workplace. The ...