Locus standi in environmental litigation : a South African perspective.
Environmentalists citizens groups, legal practitioners academics and the ordinary citizens in South Africa today are over-excited with the prospects of the environmental rights litigation under the final Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 108 of 1996 signed by the State President in Cape Town on the 18th December 1996. For the first time in the history of South Africa environmental rights have been lifted to the status of fundamental constitutional and human rights. From an environmental perspective the upliftment of environmental rights to the level of constitutional protection is a great achievement that will benefit all South Africans. This dissertation throws some light on the concept of locus standi and public interest litigation as they have developed In the New South African Constitution followed by an exposition of the common law rules of legal standing. The focus of attention will then turn to the extent to which the Interim Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 200 of 1993 and the final Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act 1996 extend or broaden the scope of standing followed by a brief survey of legal standing of environmental associations in various countries. Finally the document will conclude with a brief commentary on the law of standing in South Africa and possible suggestions for reform.