Blind iterative multiuser detection for error coded CDMA systems.
Van Niekerk, Brett.
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Mobile communications have developed since the radio communications that were in use 50 years ago. With the advent of GSM, mobile communications was brought to the average citizen. More recently, COMA technology has provided the user with higher data rates and more reliable service, and it is apparent that it is the future of wireless communication. With the introduction of 3G technology in South Africa, it is becoming clear that it is the solution to the country's wireless communication requirements. The 3G and next-generation technologies could provide reliable communications to areas where it has proven difficult to operate and maintain communications effectively, such as rural locations. It is therefore important that the se technologies continue to be researched in order to enhance their capabilities to provide a solution to the wireless needs of the local and global community. Whilst COMA is proving to be a reliable communications technology, it is still susceptible to the effects of the near-far problem and multiple-access interference. A number of multiuser detectors have been proposed in literature that attempt to mitigate the effects of multiple-access interference. A notable detector is the blind MOE detector, which requires only the desired user 's spreading sequence , and it exhibits performance approximating that of other linear multiuser detectors. Another promising class of multiuser detector operate using an iterative principle and have a joint multiuser detection and error-correcting coding scheme. The aim of this research is to develop a blind iterative detector with FEC coding as a potential solution to the need for a detector that can mitigate the effects of interfering users operating on the channel. The proposed detector has the benefits of both the blind and iterative schemes: it only requires the knowledge of the desired user ' s signature, and it has integrated error-correcting abilities. The simulation results presented in this dissertation show that the proposed detector exhibits superior performance over the blind MOE detector for various channel conditions. An overview of spread-spectrum technologies is presented, and the operation of OS-COMA is described in more detail. A history and overview of existing COMA standards is also given . The need for multiuser detection is explained, and a description and comparison of various detection methods that have appeared in literature is given. An introduction to error coding is given , with convolutional code s, the turbo coding concept and method s of iterative detection are described in more detail and compared, as iterat ive decoding is fundamental to the operation of an iterative COMA detector. An overview of iterative multiuser detection is given , and selected iterative methods are described in more detail. A blind iterative detector is proposed and analysed. Simulation results for the propo sed detector, and a comparison to the blind MOE detector is presented, showing performance characteristics and the effects of various channel parameters on performance. From these results it can be seen that the proposed detector exhibits a superior performance compared to that of the blind MOE detector for various channel conditions. The dissertation is concluded, and possible future directions of research are given.