A hospital outbreak of multiresistant haemophilus influenzae type B.
MetadataShow full item record
Following an outbreak of multi-resistant Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib)infections in a tuberculosis hospital, this study was undertaken to determine carriage of Hib in 2 paediatric wards; to characterise all isolates of Hib, determine their antimicrobial susceptibility profile and the antibody response of the children to a conjugate vaccine. Prior to and one month after immunisation, oro- and nasopharyngeal swab specimens as well as venous blood were collected from each child. Isolates were tested for /3-lactamase and chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT)production, their MIC's determined by the agar dilution method and characterisation of Hib isolates was performed by biotyping and analysis of outer membrane protein (OMP) profiles. An ELISA was also developed to determine serum antibody levels to polyribosyl-ribitol-phosphate (PRP), the capsular polysaccharide of Hib. The study population comprised a total of 135 children who had been hospitalised for treatment for tuberculosis. The patients were aged 4 months to 14 years with a median of 37,5 months. During the study period, none of the children developed invasive Hib disease. The overall carriage rate of Hib increased from 38% (51/135) before immunisation to 62% (84/135) after immunisation (P 0,15 /ig/ml. After immunisation, 34%(45) of patients increased their antibody levels to > 1,0 /xg/ml. There was no statistical difference between the mean antibody concentrations of patients who were colonised by Hib and those who were not (p = 0,58). The vaccine did not reduce carriage of Hib in this study population of children being treated for tuberculosis and the immune response to the vaccine was not optimal. Production of /3-lactamase and the prevalence of rifampicin resistance has implications for treatment and chemoprophylaxis in this population. OMP analysis showed a diversity of types. Multi-resistant strains causing invasive disease had the same OMP type as some multiresistant strains which colonised the children.