On non-Hermitian quantum mechanics.
The purpose of this dissertation is to review the salient features of non-Hermitian quantum mechanics. An introduction to Hermitian quantum mechanics is included to make this review as accessible as possible. Attempts at formulating a consistent physical theory are introduced, before examining non-Hermitian theories' uses as convenient computational frameworks. Particular emphasis is placed on recent developments in open quantum systems that utilise non-Hermitian Hamiltonians. Chapter four introduces a logic that maps a non-Hermitian Hamiltonian onto a non-Hamiltonian algebra that has a Hermitian Hamiltonian. This was put forward by Sergi, who then goes on to show its application to a two level system. The time evolution is then derived in terms of the density matrix model. This system can then be used to analyse di erent types of decay such as coherence and population di erence. This serves to illustrate the usefulness of the approach.