Solution generating algorithms in general relativity.
We conduct a comprehensive investigative review of solution generating algorithms for the Einstein field equations governing the gravitational behaviour of an isolated neutral static spherical distribution of perfect fluid matter. Traditionally, the master field equation generated from the condition of pressure isotropy has been interpreted as a second order ordinary differential equation. However, since the pioneering work of Wyman (1949) it was observed that more success can be enjoyed by regarding the equation as a first order linear differential equation. There was a resurgence of the ideas of Wyman in 2000 and various researchers have been able to generate complete solutions to the field equations up to certain integrations. These have been accomplished by working in Schwarzschild (curvature) coordinates, isotropic coordinates, area coordinates and a coordinate system written in terms of the redshift parameter. We have utilised Durgapal–Banerjee (1983) coordinates and produced a new algorithm. The algorithm is used to generate new classes of perfect fluid solutions as well as to regain familiar particular solutions reported in the literature. We find that our solution is well behaved according to elementary physical requirements. The pressure vanishes for a certain radius and this establishes the boundary of the distribution. Additionally the pressure and energy density are both positive inside the radius. The energy conditions are shown to be satisfied and it is particularly pleasing to have the causality criterion satisfied to ensure that the speed of light is not exceeded by the speed of sound. We also report some new solutions using the algorithms proposed by Lake (2006).