Now showing items 1-10 of 11
The spectrum of HIV related nephropathy in KwaZulu-Natal : a pathogenetic appraisal and impact of HAART.
Sub-Saharan Africa bears 70% of the global HIV burden with KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) identified as the epicenter of this pandemic. HIV related nephropathy (HIVRN) exceeds any other causes of kidney diseases responsible for end ...
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors-associated mutations in the RNase H region of HIV-1 isolates in South African adults and children failing highly active antiretroviral therapy.
Background: The South African national treatment program includes NRTIs in both first and second line highly active antiretroviral therapy regimens. Recently, mutations in the RNase H domain have been associated with ...
The role of the protease cleavage sites in viral fitness and drug resistance in HIV-1 subtype C.
There is an increasing number of patients failing second line highly active antiretroviral therapy (AZT, DDI and LPV/r) in South Africa, where HIV-1 subtype C predominates. Mutations at gag cleavage sites (CS) have ...
Allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (ASPCR) to detect resistance mutations in minor variants of HIV-1 subtype C in patients failing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
The World Health Organization (WHO) has recommended Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) as one of the preferred first-line antiretrovirals (ARVs). TDF and Abacavir (ABC) were introduced into the South African National ...
Minority HIV-1 drug resistance mutations in patients failing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Abstract not available.
HIV-specific CD8+ T cell responses in infected infacts enrolled on a study of early highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) and supervised treatment interruption (STI).
The manifestation of HIV-1 infection is different in children and adults. Most of the children who acquire HIV perinatally progress to disease within the first two years of life, while adults can remain asymptomatic for ...
Effect of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) on HIV-1 tat protein-induced neurotoxicity.
Background: HIV-1-trans-activating (Tat) protein has been associated with development of HIVassociated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). Previous studies have demonstrated that Tat protein causes neurotoxicity through an ...
A biochemical assessment of stress response following acute and prolonged exposure to antiretroviral drugs (nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors) in vitro.
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are the most extensively used antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The long term use of HAART is associated with changes to metabolic ...
Cellular and biochemical effects induced by antiretroviral drugs.
In the treatment of HIV/AIDS, protease inhibitors (PIs) and nucleoside/nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) are the major components of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The side effects ...
Hepatic histomorphological changes following highly active antiretroviral therapy and the intervention of hypoxis hemerocallidea in an experimental animal model.
Introduction Hepatotoxicity has remained a serious complication limiting the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) regimen. While this challenge continues to exist, finding possible solutions continues ...