Now showing items 1-10 of 22
Epidemiological and clinical studies of vitamin A in Black South African pre-school children.
The ocular complications of vitamin A deficiency have been known for many years, however, recent studies have suggested that marginal vitamin A status enlarges the risk of common childhood infections and increases mortality. ...
The oxygen consumption in tetanus neonatorum.
No abstract available.
Hepatitis B virus-associated membranous nephropathy.
Glomerulonephritis as an extra hepatic manifestation of chronic HBV infection has now been well documented [1,2,3,4,5]. HBV-associated nephropathy has been described in areas of both high and low endemicity . In Africa ...
Optimum timing for vitamin A supplementation in children with diarrhoea.
Vitamin A has well recognised benefits for the reduction in severity of diarrhoeal episodes but the impact of therapeutic doses given during diarrhoea on the biochemical and clinical outcomes is less clear. In this study ...
Effect of infant feeding mode and maternal nutritional supplementation on the nutrition and health of HIV positive mothers and their infants.
Background: Breastfeeding is known to have benefits both for maternal and child health. Some questions around the benefits and risks of breastfeeding in the presence of HIV infection still remain unclear. Aims: ...
Innate immune mechanisms in limiting HIV-1 pathogenesis among South African adults and mother-infant pairs.
This study was conducted to investigate the role of natural killer cell surface receptors, KIRs and their cognate HLA ligands in preventing HIV-1 acquisition and disease progression in HIV-1 exposed infants. Using DBS ...
Host allergic response variation in children with measles infection.
In many infections some patients recover while others die or are permanently disabled. These extremes in clinical outcome may be determined as much by the capacity of the host to eliminate the infecting agent as by the ...
The association of early neonatal feeding on clinical outcomes and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses in HIV exposed low birth weight infants.
BACKGROUND Sub-saharan Africa remains to date at the forefront of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite breastfeeding being a significant mode of postnatal HIV transmission it remains the main nutritional source and pillar of ...
Pertussis vaccination of African infants using acellular and whole-cell vaccines.
Conventional pertussis vaccine prepared from killed whole cell B. pertussis organisms has been in widespread use since the early 1950's. Despite marked reductions in the incidence of pertussis, the use of the vaccine has ...