The state of suicidology in South Africa : a content analysis.
This study reviewed 166 articles related to suicidality in South Africa, published between 1952 and 2003. From these, a table of summarized information was created and then coded. Thereafter, a statistical content analysis was conducted. The results suggested that the field of suicidology requires further specific research into suicidal ideation and murder-suicides. Blacks are under-represented and Indians are over-represented in the publications. The representation of Coloureds in South African suicide research is negligible. Increased research efforts could focus on suicidality (especially suicidal ideation) in relation to masculinity and use male-only samples. There is a need for research to focus on prevention and intervention and to increase the use of qualitative methodologies. These suggestions may prevent the duplication of well-researched areas and refine future research agendas.