|dc.creator||Parikh, Nitish Upendra.||
|dc.description||Master of Medical Science in Obstetrics and Gynaecologists. University of KwaZulu-Natal. Durban, 2016||en_US
|dc.description.abstract||Aim: To determine maternal and neonatal outcomes in triplet gestation.
Study Design: Retrospective observational study.
Place and Duration of Study: Obstetric and Gynaecological Department, Inkosi Albert
Luthuli Central Hospital, Durban from January 2003 to December 2014.
Patients and Methods: A retrospective analysis of all triplet pregnancies referred from
nearby and outlying hospitals that were delivered at IALCH over a 12-year period was
Results: Eighty-nine women with triplet pregnancy were studied. Eighty-eight (98.9%)
of the women were conceived spontaneously while 1 (1.1%) with the use of ovulation
induction. Seventy-seven (86.5%) were booked for antenatal care at the base hospital.
Mean duration of gestation was 30.8 weeks. The antenatal complications were preterm
delivery in 62%, hypertension in 11%, anaemia in 26 % and preterm premature rupture
of membranes in 17% of patients. Nine patients (10%) suffered postpartum haemorrhage.
Seventy-five sets of triplets were delivered abdominally. Mean birth weights of the 1st,
2nd and 3rd triplet were 1497, 1499 and 1427 grams respectively. The mean Apgar scores
of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd triplet at 1 and 5 minutes after birth were 7.3 and 8.5, 7.2 and 8.4;
and 7.0 and 8.3 respectively. Of the 258 infants, 230 (89%) required neonatal intensive
care unit admission. Total perinatal mortalities were 36 (13.5%) including 9 cases of
intra-uterine demise. One hundred and nine suffered respiratory distress syndrome, 39
had neonatal jaundice and 19 had sepsis.
Conclusion: Triplet pregnancies had a high rate of feto-maternal complications in
keeping with other retrospective studies. Risk factors in cases of premature delivery at
IALCH included a birth weight of less than 1500 g, gestational age of less than 28 weeks
and a maternal age between 25-39 years. Caesarean section was the MOD associated with
better neonatal outcomes.||en_US
|dc.subject.other||Neonatal outcome by birth-weight.||en_US
|dc.subject.other||Treatment of HIV infection women.||en_US
|dc.subject.other||Postpartum maternal complications.||en_US
|dc.title||Maternal and perinatal outcomes in triplet pregnancy : an audit over 12 years at Inkosi Albert Luthuli Central Hospital.||en_US