Investigating the use of sport as a complimentary mechanism for post medical rehabilitation : towards a post drug rehabilitation re-integration centre for Durban.
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This dissertation examines that post medical rehabilitation centres should begin to analyse situations in which sport is actively promoted to reintegrate drug abuse patients back into society. The stigmas associated with drug abuse have been explored in this dissertation as an underlying factor that requires mental, physical and social rehabilitation and re-integration. Understanding and applying a holistic approach have represented the existing frameworks of the theories of power and structuration redefined to meet the needs of substance abusers. An analysis of the existing literature, precedent studies, a case study, and interviews with substance abusers from local rehabilitation centres, has revealed several themes which formed the overall framework of this research exploration and its ensuing conclusions: Rehabilitation, portrayed, as a reformation program is a vital component. The theory of power and structuration, in terms of a self-regulating design, can create a sense of routine and reformation within the built form. Recreation, exhibited through sport creating a sense of belonging and participation, eradicates the stigma associated with substance abusers. The use of sport and its positive attributes, can promote inclusivity and interaction within the built form. Reintegration, through awareness and a sense of normality promotes longer-term recovery. The incorporation of the theory of power and structure, the concept of self-regulation and sport combined initiates reintegration in a wider society. Through the fieldwork and findings component of the research, this dissertation has also concluded that although the current rehabilitation facilities are generally well considered, an understanding of the themes of rehabilitation, recreation and reintegration are not typically collaborated into these facilities. Furthermore, as a means to support the existing facilities, there are several non-profit and non-government organizations that have set up their own support structures to meet the various long-term mental, physical and social needs of the patients. Unfortunately, their lack of infrastructure and funding has resulted in a gap between reforming the patient and reintegrating them into society. This dissertation has concluded that recreation through sport aids the recovery of the patients and restores the disconnection that leads to relapse. In the context of the ongoing stigma around substance abuse, the design of a post medical rehabilitation program deals with the issues relating to relapse by using sports as a means of self-empowerment and inclusivity before the process of reintegration into the wider society.