The determinants of access to health care services : empirical evidence from African countries.
It has been acknowledged that access to health care is instrumental in improving health status; and better health status has been considered crucial to socio-economic development. However, there is insufficient evidence on the factors that determine access to health care to inform policy makers. To this end, this study aimed to identify the key determinants of access to health care in Africa, distinguishing between the short and long-run determinants of such access. Panel data from 37 African countries were collected from the World Bank and World Health Organisation for the period 1995-2012 and analysed using a dynamic panel autoregressive distributed lags (ARDL) model. With the preliminary test suggesting common long-run coefficients and individual shortrun coefficients, the model was estimated using the pooled mean group (PMG) estimators. The study found that a long-run and short-run stable relationship exists between access to health care and the variables included in the model, with income being the strongest determinant. The income elasticity of access to health care was 0.1149, suggesting that access to health care is a non-luxury good. These findings imply that income is an important determinant of access to health care and should therefore be the focus of policy making to improve such access in African countries.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
The development and evaluation of a community-based programme offering psychosocial support to vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS, poverty and violence. Killian, Beverley Janet. (2004)This research programme endeavours to develop, implement and evaluate an effective method of offering psychosocial support to vulnerable children. Vulnerability is defined by trained community members as including children ...
The state of spatial information for land reform in South Africa : a case study of the Amantungwa Land Reform project. Kubheka, Sipho. (2006)Many authors and practitioners involved in rural or local development agree that co-operation and the integration of efforts by the delivery agents is crucial for sustainable development programmes. The delivery of Land ...
Loan products to manage liquidity stress when broad-based black economic empowerment (BEE) enterprises invest in productive assets. Finnemore, Gareth Robert Lionel. (2005)Investments in productive assets by broad-based black economic empowerment (BEE) enterprises in South Africa (SA) during the 1990s have been constrained, in part, by a lack of access to capital. Even if capital can be ...