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Understanding the international ship and port facility security (ISPS) code : an examination of the implementation and effectiveness of the ISPS code.
It all started with a bang! Maritime security drastically evolved due to the tragic events of 11 September 2001(9/11), when a series of coordinated terrorist attacks were made on the United States of America. This ...
The Rotterdam rules : to what extent do they provide appropriate solutions to the shortcomings of the Hague-Visby rules and the Hamburg rules with regard to multimodal transportation, the carrier’s seaworthiness obligation and the nautical fault defence?
Modern international carriage of goods by sea is largely regulated by various international conventions. Such regimes include the Hague Rules, the Hague-Visby Rules and the Hamburg Rules. We may also look to national and ...
A comparative analysis of the carrier’s liability under the Hague Visby and Rotterdam rules.
This study provides a historical overview of the development of the carrier’s obligation to maintain a seaworthy vessel in contracts of carriage by sea, as well as a comparative analysis of the extent and duration of this ...
Title to sue under contracts of carriage of goods by sea: a comparative analysis of transfer of contractual rights and liabilities under a bill of lading in English and South African law.
In carriage of goods by sea the bill of lading is the document through which third parties acquire contractual rights and liabilities. The bill of lading is thus the document which provides title to sue to third parties. ...