Now showing items 21-27 of 27
The basis of the carrier’s liability and the burden of proof in cargo claims arising under contracts for the carriage of goods by sea evidenced by bills of lading.
The burden of proof in maritime law has proven to be an issue in some of the cases that pertain to cargo claims. It is therefore important to analyse and compare the basis of liability and the burden of proof in the ...
A comparative study of the paper and electronic bill of lading under South African law.
A bill of lading is a document which is acknowledged as a cornerstone in any sea contract of carriage. It is the most significant document facilitating transportation in international sale contracts. The court recognise ...
The role of the demise clause in identifying the carrier under bills of lading.
No abstract available
Irregular migration across the Mediterranean Sea: an analysis of safety and security regulatory measures.
The phenomenon of ‘irregular migration’ by sea or ‘boat migration’ is not new, however, it has only recently caught the public’s attention since the Mediterranean ‘migration crisis’ in 2015. Historically, travelling by sea ...
Stowaways : a threat to maritime security and the curse of shipowners.
Stowing away is a means employed by people to get from one place to another without detection and without paying for passage. There are various reasons people stow away; some of which include, escaping from poverty, ...
Piracy and privately contracted armed security personnel : a comparative analysis of the global response to the deployment of armed guards on board merchant vessels and South Africa's policy as a port and coastal state.
This study examines the policies adopted by flag and port states to govern the use of armed guards on board merchant vessels. The International Maritime Organisation and a number of member states’ responses to the use of ...
15 years on, has the legal Pandora's Box yet to be sealed? : a critical analysis of the majority in the Heavy Metal case and determination of the correct interpretation of the concept of 'control' as it relates to associated ship arrests.
In respect of company law, there are two main principles that govern it. The first principle is that a company is a juristic person, having a separate legal identity and thus existing separately from the individuals who ...