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dc.creatorGray, Elin S.
dc.creatorMadiga, Maphuti C.
dc.creatorMoore, Penny L.
dc.creatorMlisana, Koleka Patience.
dc.creatorAbdool Karim, Salim Safurdeen.
dc.creatorBinley, James M.
dc.creatorShaw, George M.
dc.creatorMascola, John R.
dc.creatorMorris, Lynn.
dc.date.accessioned2013-07-22T07:30:41Z
dc.date.available2013-07-22T07:30:41Z
dc.date.created2009
dc.date.issued2009-11
dc.identifier.citationGray, E.S., et al. 2009. Broad neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mediated by plasma antibodies against the gp41 membrane proximal external region. J. Virol. 83 (21) pp. 11265-11274.en
dc.identifier.issn0022-538X
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01359-09en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10413/9329
dc.description.abstractWe identified three cross-neutralizing plasma samples with high-titer anti-membrane proximal external region (MPER) peptide binding antibodies from among 156 chronically human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected individuals. In order to establish if these antibodies were directly responsible for the observed neutralization breadth, we used MPER-coated magnetic beads to deplete plasmas of these specific antibodies. Depletion of anti-MPER antibodies from BB34, CAP206, and SAC21 resulted in 77%, 68%, and 46% decreases, respectively, in the number of viruses neutralized. Antibodies eluted from the beads showed neutralization profiles similar to those of the original plasmas, with potencies comparable to those of the known anti-MPER monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), 4E10, 2F5, and Z13e1. The anti-MPER neutralizing antibodies in BB34 were present in the immunoglobulin G3 subclass-enriched fraction. Alanine scanning of the MPER showed that the antibodies from these three plasmas had specificities distinct from those of the known MAbs, requiring one to three crucial residues at positions 670, 673, and 674. These data demonstrate the existence of MPER-specific cross-neutralizing antibodies in plasma, although the ability to elicit such potent antiviral antibodies during natural infection appears to be rare. Nevertheless, the identification of three novel antibody specificities within the MPER supports its further study as a promising target for vaccine design.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Microbiology.en
dc.subjectHIV (Viruses)--Analysis.en
dc.subjectHIV (Viruses)--Research.en
dc.subjectHIV antibodies.en
dc.subjectAIDS vaccines--Research.en
dc.titleBroad neutralization of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 mediated by plasma antibodies against the gp41 membrane proximal external region.en
dc.typePeer reviewed journal articleen


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