Evaluation of laboratory methods for susceptibility testing of staphylococcus aureus.
Jansen van Rensburg, Hermanus Christoffel.
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The susceptibility of 80 StaphyIococcus aureus isolated to oxacillin was investigated using microtitre, agar dilution and Stokes' disc diffusion methods. There was a bimodal distribution of the isolates according to the oxacillin minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values. For the sensitive isolates, the agar dilution method generally gave lower MIC values than the microtitre method, while for the resistant isolates the agar dilution method gave comparable to slightly lower MIC values than the microtitre method. The Stokes disc diffusion method yielding the best results when performed on Mueller-Hinton agar incubated at 30°C for 18 hours; however local strains grew poorly when incubated at 30 C for 18 hours. The next best medium which provided clear disc diffusion results plus good growth was Mueller-Hinton agar incubated at 35°C for 18 hours, on which 10 % of the sensitive isolates appeared intermediate in susceptibility, and none resistant, while all the resistant isolates (microtitre MIC >8mg/1) appeared resistant. Oxacillin resistance among strains of Staphylococcus aureus tested by Stokes' disc diffusion method correlated best with gentamicin resistance, and less often with tetracycline resistance. Therefore gentamicin- or tetracycline-resistance may indicate oxacillin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus.