The C3-V4 region is a major target of autologous neutralizing antibodies in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C Infection.

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dc.creator Moore, Penny L.
dc.creator Gray, Elin S.
dc.creator Choge, Isaac A.
dc.creator Ranchobe, Nthabeleng.
dc.creator Mlisana, Koleka.
dc.creator Abdool Karim, Salim Safurdeen.
dc.creator Williamson, Carolyn.
dc.creator Morris, Lynn.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-11-09T14:16:14Z
dc.date.available 2012-11-09T14:16:14Z
dc.date.created 2008
dc.date.issued 2008
dc.identifier.citation Moore P. L., et al. 2008. The c3-v4 region is a major target of autologous neutralizing antibodies in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C infection. J. Virol. 82:1860–1869. en
dc.identifier.uri http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02187-07 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10413/7828
dc.description.abstract The early autologous neutralizing antibody response in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype C infections is often characterized by high titers, but the response is type specific with little to no cross-neutralizing activity. The specificities of these early neutralizing antibodies are not known; however, the type specificity suggests that they may target the variable regions of the envelope. Here, we show that cross-reactive anti-V3 antibodies developed within 3 to 12 weeks in six individuals but did not mediate autologous neutralization. Using a series of chimeric viruses, we found that antibodies directed at the V1V2, V4, and V5 regions contributed to autologous neutralization in some individuals, with V1V2 playing a more substantial role. However, these antibodies did not account for the total neutralizing capacity of these sera against the early autologous virus. Antibodies directed against the C3-V4 region were involved in autologous neutralization in all four sera studied. In two sera, transfer of the C3-V4 region rendered the chimera as sensitive to antibody neutralization as the parental virus. Although the C3 region, which contains the highly variable α2-helix was not a direct target in most cases, it contributed to the formation of neutralization epitopes as substitution of this region resulted in neutralization resistance. These data suggest that the C3 and V4 regions combine to form important structural motifs and that epitopes in this region are major targets of the early autologous neutralizing response in HIV-1 subtype C infection. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.publisher American Society for Microbiology. en
dc.subject HIV infections--Virology. en
dc.subject Antiviral agents. en
dc.subject HIV (Viruses) en
dc.title The C3-V4 region is a major target of autologous neutralizing antibodies in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C Infection. en
dc.type Peer reviewed journal article en

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