African drumming as a means of enhancing diversity training in the workplace : a case study of a private Durban-based hospital.
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In recent times, African drumming organisations in South Africa and worldwide have adopted group drumming as an experiential learning mechanism for facilitating interactive teambuilding within organisations so as to enhance group dynamics and build team spirit. Research conducted on drumming circles indicates that group drumming fosters a sense of community by breaking down barriers between participants and creating a space where respect and tolerance for others are valued. In light of South Africa‟s recent history of apartheid, various issues discussed as part of diversity training workshops (e.g. prejudice and negative stereotyping) remain “emotionally charged” topics which are “handled with care” by trainers in the corporate training environment. In light of this, the study aims to investigate the role of African drumming in creating an environment that encourages open and honest communication around sensitive issues in the context of diversity training. In addition, the study assesses the impact of group drumming on staff motivation, levels of participation and building a sense of community amongst participants in the context of diversity training. Primary research was conducted on a purposely-selected sample group of staff at a private Durban-based hospital scheduled to attend an innovative diversity training initiative, comprising of a short group drumming component followed by a conventional diversity training workshop. Questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, participant observation and focus group discussion were implemented in compiling a case study of diversity training workshops conducted at the hospital.