Colour measurement and colour reproduction systems.
Techniques of colour measurement and colour reproduction are important in a wide range of commercial and social activities in most modern economies. Their study thus constitutes one of the major areas of interest to the CIE. The project described in this thesis began as an outgrowth of studies of new types of light sources and of the colorimetry of colour-TV systems; plus a conviction that modern TV cameras can operate effectively with a wide range of different illuminating spectra. It was soon evident that two important prerequisites for this research were: an understanding of the processes of human colour vision; and a knowledge of the standard, international, colorimetric terminology of the CIE. These topics are discussed fully in the text. Also included is a review of modern gas-discharge lamps, the~y properties, and their applications. Both high-pressure (HID) types and low-pressure (fluorescent-tube) types are considered. Because of the need to measure the colours of surfaces and their TV reproductions as accurately as possible, various forms of colorimeter were examined, leading to the choice of a spectrophotometer system for this work. The design, construction, and evaluation of an original spetrophotometer system (the UND Spectrophotometer) are described fully in the text. Finally, attention is given to the operation of a television system under nonstandard lighting. Twelve different light sources were evaluated as TV ((taking" illuminants, using both subjective and colorimetric methods of assessment. The experimental results tend to confirm that colorimetric methods are unsuited to colour reproduction evaluation, and that subjective methods are more meaningful. A subjective scale of colour reproduction performance was established, and it was found to correlate closely with the CIE general colour rendering index (Ra) for the various test lamps. The work reported herein predates similar experiments with TV lighting by other workers, and it includes a wider range of light sources. In spite of differences in experimental technique, however, there is broad agreement with their general results.