Narcissism, physical self-efficacy and exercise addiction : a comparative study of runners and aerobics exercisers.

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dc.contributor.advisor Basson, Clive.
dc.creator Leask, Zia.
dc.date.accessioned 2012-07-17T13:17:31Z
dc.date.available 2012-07-17T13:17:31Z
dc.date.created 1997
dc.date.issued 1997
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10413/5955
dc.description Thesis (M.A.)-University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 1997. en
dc.description.abstract Narcissism and physical self-efficacy and exercise commitment were investigated in 'addicted' and 'non-addicted' runners (n = 112) and aerobics exercisers (n = 57) and compared to a control group of non-exercisers (n = 42). Runners and aerobics exercisers were assigned to an 'addicted' or 'non-addicted' group using Hailey and Bailey's (1982) Negative Addiction Scale. All subjects completed biographical questionnaires, the Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) and the Physical Self-Efficacy Scale (PSE). Although both narcissism and physical self-efficacy were found to play a significant role in exercise adoption, narciss\ism was the only significant variable when comparing 'addicted' and 'non-addicted' exercisers. Differences between the runners and aerobics exercisers were found with the aerobics exercisers exhibiting higher narcissistic tendencies than the runners. The runners were assigned to one of four quadrants based on their level of commitment and addiction to running and the Perceived Physical Ability subscale of the PSE and the Self-Sufficiency subscale of the NPI produced significant differences between the four quadrants. Taken together, the results suggest that addicted exercisers have the tendency to exhibit narcissistic traits, however the interaction with physical self-efficacy is equivocal. The findings are discussed with reference to relevant personality theory and implications for future research in this area. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Exercise addiction. en
dc.subject Sports--Psychological aspects. en
dc.subject Aerobic exercises--Psychological aspects. en
dc.subject Running--Psychological aspects. en
dc.subject Narcissism. en
dc.subject Addicts. en
dc.subject Theses--Psychology. en
dc.title Narcissism, physical self-efficacy and exercise addiction : a comparative study of runners and aerobics exercisers. en
dc.type Thesis en

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