An analysis of teachers' use of various means of assisting learners' performance in the second language lessons where new materials are being trialled.
This dissertation investigates the impact on classroom practice of the use of new language texts which are based on the Thinking Actively in a Social Context (TASC) model, and the principles of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT). Draft materials of a newly published series, Language in My World, were used by the researcher. The central aim of the study was to establish whether the use of the new materials, without accompanying in-service training in their use, would effect any change in the teaching methodology of the participant teachers, as well as a change in learner involvement. A qualitative, non-participatory method of observation was applied. Four teachers from one rural ex-Department of Education and Training (DEC) school, and seven teachers from two ex-KwaZulu-Natal Department of Education and Culture (KDEC) rural schools, participated in the study. Lessons were observed over a period of six weeks. The research design, the field work, and analysis of the observed lessons are described and recorded. The findings indicate aspects of classroom practice which hinder the effective learning and teaching of English as a second language. Learners were not taught by adequately trained teachers. In most of the lessons observed, the teachers engaged in the 'recitation script' and there was no sensitization of learners to show their understanding of the texts. Learners were not given the opportunity to analyze the information received in the light of their own experiences and emotions. Teachers needed to be taught about the principles of CLT. The climate at many schools (not enough classrooms, no toilet facilities, no learning resources), is not conducive to learning. The implications of the findings are considered. Certain recommendations from the findings are made which will enable. teachers to develop their professional knowledge and improve their teaching practice.