|dc.creator||Mahlabela, Patisizwe Tennyson.||
|dc.description||Thesis (M.Ed.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Edgewood, 2012.||en
|dc.description.abstract||Proportionality is the content domain of mathematics that is rooted in ratio and
proportion. It is believed to be vital for problem solving and reasoning, which are key
cognitive domains of mathematics teaching and learning. Hence, ratio and proportion
forms part of curricula for all countries. Studies carried out in different parts of the world
found that while learners can do simple and routine manipulations of ratio and
proportion, they struggle to solve problems that involve these concepts. Researchers
apportion the blame for this to the strategies that learners use to solve the problems.
Researchers found that learners use flawed strategies due to misconceptions that learners
have on ratio and proportion.
The purpose of the study is to explore learner errors and misconceptions on ratio and
proportion. A test that comprised of questions that are appropriate to the National
Curriculum Statement (NCS), for General Education and Training (GET) band, was used
to collect data. Items in the instrument were selected and adapted from a tool used in
Concepts in Secondary Mathematics and Science (CSMS) study. The participants in the
study are 30 Grade 9 learners from a rural school in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN).
The findings of the study are that learners have a limited knowledge and understanding of
ratio and proportion, hence their performance in items on the topic is poor. A great
proportion of the learners have serious misconceptions of ratio and proportion. They use
incorrect strategies to solve problems on ratio and proportion that produce errors. The
errors and misconceptions they exhibit are not different from those observed by similar
studies conducted in other parts of the world.
The study recommends a structured focus on ratio and proportion because the topic is
fundamental to proportional reasoning. It recommends clarity for teacher trainers,
textbook writers and teachers on what learners need to learn on ratio and proportion. It
recommends serious exploration of errors and misconceptions on ratio and proportion,
and a teaching approach that considers errors and misconceptions as opportunities for
|dc.subject||Ratio and proportion--Study and teaching (Higher)--KwaZulu-Natal.||en
|dc.title||Learner errors and misconceptions in ratio and proportion : a case study of grade 9 learners from a rural KwaZulu-Natal school.||en