Partial exchangeability and related topics.
North, Delia Elizabeth.
MetadataShow full item record
Partial exchangeability is the fundamental building block in the subjective approach to the probability of multi-type sequences which replaces the independence concept of the objective theory. The aim of this thesis is to present some theory for partially exchangeable sequences of random variables based on well-known results for exchangeable sequences. The reader is introduced to the concepts of partially exchangeable events, partially exchangeable sequences of random variables and partially exchangeable o-fields, followed by some properties of partially exchangeable sequences of random variables. Extending de Finetti's representation theorem for exchangeable random variables to hold for multi-type sequences, we obtain the following result to be used throughout the thesis: There exists a o-field, conditional upon which, an infinite partially exchangeable sequence of random variables behaves like an independent sequence of random variables, identically distributed within types. Posing (i) a stronger requirement (spherical symmetry) and (ii) a weaker requirement (the selection property) than partial exchangeability on the infinite multi-type sequence of random variables, we obtain results related to de Finetti's representation theorem for partially exchangeable sequences of random variables. Regarding partially exchangeable sequences as mixtures of independent and identically distributed (within types) sequences, we (i) give three possible expressions for the directed random measures of the partially exchangeable sequence and (ii) look at three possible expressions for the o-field mentioned in de Finetti's representation theorem. By manipulating random measures and using de Finetti's representation theorem, we point out some concrete ways of constructing partially exchangeable sequences. The main result of this thesis follows by extending de Finetti's represen. tation theorem in conjunction with the Chatterji principle to obtain the following result: Given any a.s. limit theorem for multi-type sequences of independent random variables, identically distributed within types, there exists an analogous theorem satisfied by all partially exchangeable sequences and by all sub-subsequences of some subsequence of an arbitrary dependent infinite multi-type sequence of random variables, tightly distributed within types. We finally give some limit theorems for partially exchangeable sequences of random variables, some of which follow from the above mentioned result.