Analyzing the relationship between leadership style, organisational factors and retention of professional nurses in public health care facilities in KwaZulu-Natal.
Nkosi, Zethu Zerish.
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BACKGROUND : Many professional nurses have left the employment to work in developed countries. Quality patient care is declining because the few PNs that are rendering care have limited expertise. Literature review showed that nurse managers have a role to play in retention of staff. PURPOSE : The study aims to analyze the leadership styles and organizational factors toward the retention of professional nurses working in public health facilities. POPULATION : Professional nurses in four public hospitals, four union managers, twelve professional nurses working abroad and representative from SANe. A total of 188 participated in the study which formed part of the 70% of the sample. DESIGN : A Case study design which included both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Observations in the wards and document analysis were done guided by a case protocol. INSTRUMENTS : Revised Nursing Work Index and Revised Conditions of work effectiveness was administered among the professional nurse and chief professional nurses. Chief nursing service managers and union managers were interviewed using interview guides. Focus groups among professional nurses who had overseas experiences were conducted. Reliability was maintained by having a Cronbachs alpha of above 0.70 in all variables except leadership. RESULTS : Cases presented differently in all aspects, except Case C who was consistent in all the variables. The professional nurses in Case C viewed their CNSM as being visible and accessible. Case A and B were similar in terms of the organizational factors. All CNSM verbalized that they were willing to send PNs for educational programmes but the DOH policy was allowing nurses to work anywhere in the province. PNs had little access to resources on time to do tasks and paperwork as compared to access to support and opportunity.CONCLUSION : PNs are willing to stay in their organizations provided they will be given educational and promotional opportunities. There was a relationship between organizational factors and retention. Leadership factors showed a weak negative relationship with other variables.