A retrospective clinical chart review study on the core PMTCT activities at a regional hospital in Durban, KwaZulu-Natal .
Ngidi, Wilbroda Hlolisile.
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Background: Despite years of implementation, the program for PMTCT is not reaching the HIV positive pregnant women. Poor documentation as well as poor monitoring and evaluation for the program has contributed to the poor performance. This has led to South Africa being one of the 12 countries in the world with an increasing child mortality rate which is related to HIV/AIDS. Multi-steps and the complexity of the program and poor documentation have resulted in gaps in the provision of care. Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the documentation of the core activities of Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV program provided to pregnant women from antenatal, maternity and post-natal care at a selected Regional hospital in Ethekwini District. Methods: A non-experimental retrospective descriptive exploratory design informs the study. Provides a description of whether the activities of PMTCT are perfomed through the use of documented activities on patient’s charts. A data extraction tool was used to extract information, with the demographic information as well as the key activities of PMTCT. One hundred and thirty charts of women who had delivered in the hospital of study were sampled. Results: The study revealed gaps in the documentation of some activities, with dual therapy initiated at antenatal clinic documented to be n=98(75%), whilst NVP to the baby was 105/130 (80%). The results are in contrast with Horwood’s (2010) study which reported 91% receiving the Nevirapine prophylaxis. Although there are children missed by the program, it is interesting to note that more babies are receiving prophylaxis compared to women receiving NVP. The cd4 count, n=78(60%) uptake, seems not to be doing well, with only n=45(35%) , which is supported by Horwood’s (2010) study that showed much improvement in the cd4 uptake (70%) compared to the study results of 60%, but less cd4 results documented were reported by Horwood (2010), showing 33% respectively. Conclusion: The National strategic Plan’s (SADOH, 2007- 2011/2013) for South Africa, as well as the global Millennium Development Goals can only be achieved if all the activities for the PMTCT are improved. Documentation of activities remains the key to improved care.