The fluorescent tube-lamp integrating chamber.
Durrheim, C. R.
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The objective of this project is to design a facility that will characterize the electrical and optical properties of both tubular and the more recent compact fluorescent tubes. The first stage of this project, which is the subject of this dissertation, was to design, build, test, and model a cylindrical light integrating chamber. An integrating chamber capable of measuring 2-metre long fluorescent tubes was built at the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. To approximate an infinitely long tube, precisely mounted planar mirrors were placed at opposite ends of the cylinder. The reflectance of diffusive reflective paint and mirrors enter into calculations and were investigated experimentally using a Jarrel-Ash optical spectrometer. The light flux was finally measured for various chamber lengths and compared with a mathematical model. Total light power output from the lamp was calculated and compared with the electrical power input, and the lamp efficiency deduced. Accurate calculations required that the light field surrounding a cylindrical diffuse source be modeled mathematically. The reflection coefficients of the mirrors were not unity and the equations had to be modified to include this effect. The mathematical model was solved using a combination of analytical and numerical techniques. The model results were compared with measurements. The final result includes a mathematical description of the integrating chamber, and a flux-density plot of the space surrounding the fluorescent tube.