Super-orthogonal space-time turbo codes in Rayleigh fading channels.
The vision of anytime, anywhere communications coupled by the rapid growth of wireless subscribers and increased volumes of internet users, suggests that the widespread demand for always-on access data, is sure to be a major driver for the wireless industry in the years to come. Among many cutting edge wireless technologies, a new class of transmission techniques, known as Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) techniques, has emerged as an important technology leading to promising link capacity gains of several fold increase in data rates and spectral efficiency. While the use of MIMO techniques in the third generation (3G) standards is minimal, it is anticipated that these technologies will play an important role in the physical layer of fixed and fourth generation (4G) wireless systems. Concatenated codes, a class of forward error correction codes, of which Turbo codes are a classical example, have been shown to achieve reliable performance which approach the Shannon limit. An effective and practical way to approach the capacity of MIMO wireless channels is to employ space-time coding (STC). Space-Time coding is based on introducing joint correlation in transmitted signals in both the space and time domains. Space-Time Trellis Codes (STTCs) have been shown to provide the best trade-off in terms of coding gain advantage, improved data rates and computational complexity. Super-Orthogonal Space-Time Trellis Coding (SOSTTC) is the recently proposed form of space-time trellis coding which outperforms its predecessor. The code has a systematic design method to maximize the coding gain for a given rate, constellation size, and number of states. Simulation and analytical results are provided to justify the improved performance. The main focus of this dissertation is on STTCs, SOSTTCs and their concatenated versions in quasi-static and rapid Rayleigh fading channels. Turbo codes and space-time codes have made significant impact in terms of the theory and practice by closing the gap on the Shannon limit and the large capacity gains provided by the MIMO channel, respectively. However, a convincing solution to exploit the capabilities provided by a MIMO channel would be to build the turbo processing principle into the design of MIMO architectures. The field of concatenated STTCs has already received much attention and has shown improved performance over conventional STTCs. Recently simple and double concatenated STTCs structures have shown to provide a further improvement performance. Motivated by this fact, two concatenated SOSTTC structures are proposed called Super-orthogonal space-time turbo codes. The performance of these new concatenated SOSTTC is compared with that of concatenated STTCs and conventional SOSTTCs with simulations in Rayleigh fading channels. It is seen that the SOST-CC system outperforms the ST-CC system in rapid fading channels, whereas it maintains performance similar to that in quasi-static. The SOST-SC system has improved performance for larger frame lengths and overall maintains similar performance with ST-SC systems. A further investigation of these codes with channel estimation errors is also provided.