Computer analysis of equations using Mathematica.
In this thesis we analyse particular differential equations that arise in physical situations. This is achieved with the aid of the computer software package called Mathematica. We first describe the basic features of Mathematica highlighting its capabilities in performing calculations in mathematics. Then we consider a first order Newtonian equation representing the trajectory of a particle around a spherical object. Mathematica is used to solve the Newtonian equation both analytically and numerically. Graphical plots of the trajectories of the planetary bodies Mercury, Earth and Jupiter are presented. We attempt a similar analysis for the corresponding relativistic equation governing the orbits of gravitational objects. Only numerical results are possible in this case. We also perform a perturbative analysis of the relativistic equation and determine the amount of perihelion shift. The second equation considered is the Emden-Fowler equation of order two which arises in many physical problems, including certain inhomogeneous cosmological applications. The analytical features of this equation are investigated using Mathematica and the Lie analysis of differential equations. Different cases of the related autonomous form of the Emden-Fowler equation are investigated and graphically represented. Thereafter, we generate a number of profiles of the energy density and the pressure for a particular solution which demonstrates that a numerical approach for studying inhomogeneity, in cosmological models in general relativity, is feasible.