Towards integrated development approach in land reform : case study of Umgai project, Ugu district municipality.
Mkhungo, Nomalanga Sharon.
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Adoption of Integrated Development Approach in Land Reform projects could ensure the co-ordinated and equitable allocation of resources to meet the various needs of the community and improve the quality of the Land Reform projects. Racially based legislations were developed to take the land from black people. Land Reform aims at redressing the injustices of the past. Community developmental needs are diverse. Therefore Land Reform alone is inadequate to meet all the needs of the community. The integrated intervention of other stakeholders is required. The research explores the adaptation of Integrated Development Approach in Land Reform by obtaining the perceptions of the Mgai people regarding the future development needs of the Mgai Farm. Special focus was on tenure, socioeconomic and infrastructural issues. The Local Umzumbe and the Ugu District Municipalities have developed their Integrated Development Plans to ensure co-ordinated development and equitable allocation of resources. Mgai project is incorporated into their Integrated Development Plans. The research reveals that Mgai community live under communal tenure system in the surrounding tribal areas. It lacks skill and competencies for entering the formal job markets. There is no existing infrastructure in Mgai Farm. The community have needs infrastructure such as schools, clinics, and community halls. Land Reform in isolation cannot provide for community needs. It is noted that Land Reform is still implemented in a fragmented manner because the other stakeholders are involved in the project after the project have been approved. This poses a challenge into the sustainability of the project. Recommendations offered in this research provide opportunities for future research and ensuring that project are implemented.
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