Contractible arms elevating search and rescue (Caesar) robot : improvements and modifications for urban search and rescue (Usar) robots.
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Rescuers have lost their lives in events requiring them to go into dangerous areas that have unstable structures and gases. Robots are necessary for search and rescue purposes, to access concealed places and environments to which fire fighters and rescue personnel cannot gain entry. Robots that were previously used encountered problems with communication, chassis design, traction and sensory systems. Improvements are required for the successful localization of victims. Research on improvements in these areas were carried out for the use in the CAESAR (Contractible Arms Elevating Search And Rescue) robot. Contributions were made in the area of Urban Search And Rescue (USAR) robots focusing on antenna design, communication protocols, chassis design, traction system and artificial intelligence on decisions relating to gas danger levels for humans and the robot. The capabilities of CAESAR is audio, video and data communication irrespective of the orientation of the robot and the antennas. Penetration of radio frequencies through building material is possible. Reliable data communication is achieved with the designed Robotics Communication Protocol (RCP). The chassis is designed to have traction on unstable terrain and autonomously transform flipper arms for the best orientation. Materials for the body were selected and constructed to be able to withstand the unstable environments and high temperatures which they will encounter. The control station display gives the rescuers immediate indication of the gas concentrations detected by the on-board gas sensors. Developed analytical models determine the danger of the gas concentrations for victims, rescuers and the robots.