Factors that facilitate adherence to haemodialysis therapy amongst patients with chronic renal failure.
A study was done to examine factors that facilitate adherence to haemodialysis therapy amongst patients with chronic renal failure and the sources of support available to them. A self developed questionnaire was used to collect data from the respondents. The respondents were purposive and conveniently selected according to the set criteria. The sample consisted of 118 respondents that were selected from four hospitals, two provincial hospitals and two private hospitals. Permission to conduct the study was requested by means of written letters to all people concerned. Letters granting permission were obtained from the two provincial hospitals. The Heads of the Renal Units of the two private hospitals gave verbal permission. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS 11.5). Demographic data was analysed through frequency counts. Crosstabulations using Chi-square analysis was performed to test the relationship between the factors that facilitate adherence to haemodialysis therapy and the indicators for adherence. The results were presented in the form of Tables and Figures (Graphs). From the findings the researcher concluded that in order for a haemodialysis patient to adhere to therapy restrictions, the following should be adequate: physical factors, socio-economic factors, psychosocial factors which also encompasses cultural factors. Health education proved to be having a very good impact. Higher level of education is not that essential as long as the patient can read, write and understand the instructions. Religious factors did not have much effect on facilitation of adherence to haemodialysis therapy.