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The dissertation begins with the explanation of the framework of the dissertation, discusses the background of the study, the motivation and value of the study. The problem statement and study objectives are defined as well as the research methodology. In line with the objectives of the study, various capital structure theories are examined the importance of the weighted average cost of capital is analyzed and the specific components that make up the weighted average cost of capital namely, the cost of equity and cost of debt are explored. Further more the signaling and agency costs theories are also extensively discussed and many other concepts and theories of significance to capital structure management. The corporate profile of Aspen Pharmacare is discussed as well as the industry within which the company operates, the strategic alliances and agreements entered into, in line with the company's growth strategy. The company's financial statements are analysed so as to compute the gearing level. The dissertation concludes by saying that the gearing ratio needs to be looked at in comparison to the company peers in the industry, so as to best establish the norm of the industry, and that, it is only then that a conclusive statement can be made as to whether the company gearing strategy is appropriate or not.