The development of an HIV/AIDS counselling approach for Africans.
Pienaar, Abel Jacobus.
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HIV/AIDS care needs to be comprehensive and holistic (UNAIDS, 2002). Counselling has proved to be one of the most effective behavioral tools in the global anti-HIV/AIDS fight by equipping people mentally, emotionally, psychologically and socially for the disease (Anon, 2000). Over the past two decades researchers identified cultural factors, race, gender and class as leading inequitable treatments in general counselling situations (Coleman, 1995). This challenge happened to be the same in HIV/AIDS counselling, especially because the counselor work with sensitive information. Nurses who forms the back-bone of HIV/AIDS counselling, are all trained on a Western model of HIV/AIDS counselling. Herbst (1990) also pointed out that knowledge concerning cultures and subcultures and its implications has become a major issue for the nurse to deliver health care in South Africa. Faced with the history of South Africa and the diverse cultures it was my personal experience as a professional nurse, counselor and researcher while I was working on the *Ufe health train, that the knowledge of culture is one of the most important factors of HIV/AIDS counselling. This motivated me to embark on this research. This research aims at providing an analytical description of the experience of counselling for African (Batswana) counselees and their counselors with specific reference to HIV/AIDS counselling with view to improve this interaction. The objectives of this research was to: a) analyse the counselling done by Western and African counsellors in the health system, with a particular focus on HIV/AIDS counselling, b) establish how acceptance and decision-making is promoted, understanding of the counselee is established and psychosocial support is given, and c) develop a middle -range theory that describes appropriate HIV/AIDS counselling for African counselees. Glaser's (1965; 1967; 1992) grounded theory approach was used to guide this research. Multiple data collection methods were used, which took place concurrently with the descriptive analysis. Glaser's conceptual analysis paradigm for qualitative data analysis was utilised. Based on the results of this research the importance of an HIV/AIDS counselling approach for Africans is emphasised.