Performance of high rate space-time trellis coded modulation in fading channels.
Ayodeji, Sokoya Oludare.
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Future wireless communication systems promise to offer a variety of multimedia services which require reliable transmission at high data rates over wireless links. Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) systems have received a great deal of attention because they provide very high data rates for such links. Theoretical studies have shown that the quality provided by MIMO systems can be increased by using space-time codes. Space-time codes combine both space (antenna) and time diversity in the transmitter to increase the efficiency of MIMO system. The three primary approaches, layered spacetime architecture, space-time trellis coding (STTC) and space-time block coding (STBC) represent a way to investigate transmitter-based signal processing for diversity exploitation and interference suppression. The advantages of STBC (i.e. low decoding complexity) and STTC (i.e. TCM encoder structure) can be used to design a high rate space-time trellis coded modulation (HR-STTCM). Most space-time codes designs are based on the assumption of perfect channel state information at the receiver so as to make coherent decoding possible. However, accurate channel estimation requires a long training sequence that lowers spectral efficiency. Part of this dissertation focuses on the performance of HR-STTCM under non-coherent detection where there is imperfect channel state information and also in environment where the channel experiences rapid fading. Prior work on space-time codes with particular reference to STBC systems in multiuser environment has not adequately addressed the performance of the decoupled user signalto-noise ratio. Part of this thesis enumerates from a signal-to-noise ratio point of view the performance of the STBC systems in multiuser environment and also the performance of the HR-STTCM in such environment. The bit/frame error performance of space-time codes in fading channels can be evaluated using different approaches. The Chemoff upper-bound combined with the pair state generalized transfer function bound approach or the modified state transition diagram transfer function bound approach has been widely used in literature. However, although readily detennined, this bound can be too loose over nonnal signal-to-noise ranges of interest. Other approaches, based on the exact calculation of the pairwise error probabilities, are often too cumbersome. A simple exact numerical technique, for calculating, within any desired degree of accuracy, of the pairwise error probability of the HR-STTCM scheme over Rayleigh fading channel is proposed in this dissertation.