Effects of psychoeducation on medication compliance and symptom management for clients with bipolar affective disorder attending community psychiatric clinics in Ethekwini health district .
This study was aimed at evaluating effects of psycho education on medication compliance and symptom management for clients with bipolar affective disorder attending community psychiatric clinics in the Ethekwini Health District of KwaZulu-Natal Province. A quantitative study was done using a quasi-experimental design. A one group pre-test and post-test design was used to assess the effects of psycho education. The population of the study were all clients with bipolar affective disorder attending Escoval House community psychiatric clinic and its satellite clinic (Austerville). Systematic sampling was used to select clients to participate in the study and a total of forty clients were selected. Two self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data. Clients were assessed in areas of their knowledge, medication compliance and symptom management (Pre-test). The group was then exposed to six sessions of psycho education, and they were assessed again a week after the psycho education (post-test) using the same instruments. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Descriptive statistics were used to analyse participants' characteristics and some selected variables. Cross tabulations, chi-squares and paired t-tests were used on dependent variables and on social variables of interest to compare the changes in scores and means respectively and lastly to determine the relationship of social variables and the dependent variables. The findings of this study revealed that psycho education improved respondents' knowledge about their illness and symptom management techniques (with P-values ranging from 0.0001- 0.03), psycho education also improved medication compliance with P-value =0.000, but it did not affect the respondents' ability to use new techniques in managing their symptoms (with P-values ranging from 0.125- 0.75).