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dc.contributor.advisorCiacciariello, Mariana.
dc.contributor.authorMokoma, Masefo Josephina.
dc.date.accessioned2011-01-17T07:55:48Z
dc.date.available2011-01-17T07:55:48Z
dc.date.created2010
dc.date.issued2010
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10413/2169
dc.descriptionThesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2010.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of an exogenous multi-blend enzyme ( -glucanase and xylanase) on the performance of the broiler chickens and laying hens fed diets based on wheat and barley. Experiments were conducted on a flock of broilers and two flocks of laying hens. In both cases feed and water were provided ad libitum. The enzyme effect of enzyme addition on the broiler performance involved 2080 day-old male and female chicks in 48 pens, allocated one of four dietary treatments (0, 50, 100 or 200g/ton enzyme supplementation), to 35 days of age. On day 35, ten birds from each treatment were sacrificed for the analysis of the digestive organs weight (gizzards and livers). The trial was divided into two phases: a starter (1 to 21 d) and grower (22 to 35 d). Feed consumption was measured weekly and birds were also weighed weekly. The investigation of enzyme effect in laying hen diets involved 896 birds for each specific period. Each replicate consisted of four cages (four birds per cage) with a common feeder; 16 hens/pen of 56 pens. Eggs were weighed three times a week, feed consumption weekly and birds every weeks. The addition of a multi-blend enzyme significantly improve body weight, body weight gain, food intake, and feed conversion ratio for both sexes (P<0.05) in broiler chickens. There was a significant improvement in egg production in laying hens (P<0.05). Egg weight and egg mass were not significantly improved. Wheat and barley have cell wall components (arabinoxylans and -glucans respectively) which have a negative effect on the nutritive value of these feeds and therefore performance in poultry fed diets based on these ingredients. Addition of an exogenous multi-blend enzyme( -glucanase and xylanase) could help reduce these effects and improve performance and digestibility values in poultry. The null hypothesis was there will be no difference between supplemented and un-supplemented diets based on wheat and barley in performance of poultry. The results of this study suggest that the inclusion of 50 g/ton enzyme helps improve poultry performance, especially in young birds.en_US
dc.language.isoen_ZAen_US
dc.subjectPoultry--Feeding and feeds.en_US
dc.subjectBroilers (Poultry)--Feeding and feeds.en_US
dc.subjectChickens--Feeding and feeds.en_US
dc.subjectPoultry--Growth.en_US
dc.subjectPoultry--Feed utilization efficiency.en_US
dc.subjectEnzymes in animal nutrition.en_US
dc.subjectFeed additives.en_US
dc.subjectEggs--Production.en_US
dc.subjectTheses--Animal and poultry science.
dc.titleThe use of enzyme supplementation for wheat-barley diets in poultry as a means of improving productive performance.en_US
dc.typeThesisen_US


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