A study of the Culcoides (Diptera: ceratopogonidae) vectors of African horse sickness to enhance current practical control measures and research methods.

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dc.contributor.author Jenkins, Alexander Byron.
dc.date.accessioned 2011-01-17T07:44:02Z
dc.date.available 2011-01-17T07:44:02Z
dc.date.issued 2011-01-17
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10413/2166
dc.description Thesis (M.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermarizburg, 2008. en_US
dc.description.abstract African horse sickness virus causes a non-contagious, infectious disease of equids. It is epizootic to sub-Saharan Africa and parts of the Middle East. The epizootics caused by the virus have caused widespread devastation amongst equids worldwide. Fortunately no epizootic has lasted more than 5 years outside of sub- Saharan Africa. It is vectored by species of Culicoides midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) and most importantly by the two Avarita species of C. imicola Keiffer and C. bolitinos Meiswinkel. The literature pertaining to the study and research of the virus, the disease and the vectors is reviewed. Models allowing prediction of future possible outbreaks as well as details of control strategies and findings of researchers are presented and discussed. The virus needs a long term reservoir host in which to overwinter and various theories are discussed. Control measures in South Africa are suggested so that outbreaks of the disease can be reduced. en_US
dc.language.iso en_ZA en_US
dc.subject African horse sickness--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject African horse sickness virus--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject African horse sickness--South Africa--Prevention. en_US
dc.subject Horses--Diseases--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject Horses--Virus diseases--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject Horses--Diseases--South Africa--Prevention. en_US
dc.subject Culicoides. en_US
dc.subject Theses--Animal and poultry science. en_US
dc.title A study of the Culcoides (Diptera: ceratopogonidae) vectors of African horse sickness to enhance current practical control measures and research methods. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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