An exploratory study of students' understandings and experiences of vaccination : implications for future HIV vaccine trials in South Africa.

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dc.contributor.advisor Slack, Cathy.
dc.creator Masina, Liziwe N. V. 2011-01-15T12:13:23Z 2011-01-15T12:13:23Z 2004 2004
dc.description Thesis (M.Soc.Sc.)-University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, 2004. en_US
dc.description.abstract As Africa faces the challenges of its renewal or renaissance, the HIV/AIDS epidemic poses the greatest potential barrier to the attainment of this vision (Makgoba, 2001 in Dorrington, Bourne, Bradshaw, Laubscher & Timaeus, 2001). The development of an HIV vaccine that is safe, effective and affordable, has been widely contemplated as a necessary supplement to already established interventions. In preparation for HIV vaccine trials in South Africa the current project aimed to assess students' understanding (knowledge and perceptions) and experiences of vaccination in general, and to explore if these were associated with demographics such as motherhood and gender. A parallel aim was to assess students' knowledge and expectations of HIV vaccination and trial participation. A sample of 33 students was recruited from university residences at the University of Natal, Pietermaritzburg. Participants were interviewed via a semi-structured interview schedule. The data collected was then coded and analysed using content analysis, while Chi - square analysis was used to evaluate if demographics such as gender and motherhood were systematically associated with various responses. The results revealed that the vast majority of participants (97%) knew the purpose of vaccination, stating that it was to promote health and prevent illness. Most participants (67%) knew that vaccination works by mobilising the immune system (vaccination mechanism). The vast majority of participants (91%) could name at least one vaccine preventable disease. Uptake of childhood immunisation was reportedly high (88%) while adult uptake of immunisation was low (33%). A significant minority (36%) reported that they had experienced side effects but understood these to be an integral part of vaccination. Thirty percent of participants stated they were willing to participate (WTP) in a hypothetical vaccine trial, 33 % of participants were not WTP and 15% were not sure. Motivations for trial participation were reportedly influenced most by personal incentives of altruism (39%) and barriers such as perceived significant physical risk (61%). In general, knowledge and experiences of vaccination were not associated with gender or with motherhood. The results suggest that more awareness of HIV vaccine trials is needed. In this regard education should emphasise that the prospective vaccine will be preventive, that only healthy people can volunteer and that the HIV vaccine will not guarantee immunity to HIV infection. Suggestions are made for future research into motivations, barriers and incentives to facilitate an ethical process of vaccine trial participation. en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.subject Health attitudes--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject Vaccination--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject Immunization--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject AIDS vaccines. en_US
dc.subject Theses--Psychology. en_US
dc.subject Public health--research--South Africa. en_US
dc.subject AIDS (Disease)--Vaccination. en_US
dc.subject Students--South Africa--attitudes. en_US
dc.title An exploratory study of students' understandings and experiences of vaccination : implications for future HIV vaccine trials in South Africa. en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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