Improving intra-urban pedestrian safety in the Lagos Metropolitan area : case study of Lagos Island Central Business District.
Tugbobo, Babatunde Kayode.
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This study investigated ways to improve intra-urban pedestrian safety in the Lagos metropolitan area. The study aimed to encourage increased pedestrian activity by identifying the practical steps that would result in significant improvements to pedestrian amenity, safety and linkages within Lagos Island CBD and the metropolitan area in general. To achieving these objectives, this study employed the use of scientific research methodologies. Data were collected in two phases: secondary and primary data sources. Secondary data includes review of relevant literatures. Quantitative data was gathered, primarily through a field survey (questionnaire), which proved efficient in gathering contemporary data on traffic and pedestrian characteristics. This sample size had 95% level of confidence with disproportionate 5% sampling error. Primary traffic and pedestrian data (including socio-economic and demographic characteristics, and an origin and destination count, etc.) at an aggregated level. Traffic and pedestrian datasets from the field study were adjusted by means of normalization, which enabled amalgamation of these datasets. Data analysis mainly involved statistical methods and the use of computer technology. The study’s findings show there has been a significant increase in the number of private cars on the roads. While the traditional pedestrian system is regarded as a way of life worldwide, in Lagos Island CBD, walking and pedestrians seem to be regarded as subservient and an inconvenience to the flow of automobiles. The empirical analysis revealed overdependence on motorization in all spheres of city life, with significant negative effects on existing road design and the future of Lagos. The study confirmed that the Lagos metropolitan area’s road network is old, outdated and dysfunctional, lacks pedestrian space and utilities. This is slowing down city activities and cannot support the ever-increasing pedestrian population. The study proposes modern intra-urban pedestrian transportation system and other NMT as an efficient alternative means of mobility. It notes that one of the most effective ways to reduce overdependence on motorized transportation is reduce the desire for such and embrace environmentally acceptable means such as a pedestrian system. Overall, this study seeks to enhance the quality of life and create a healthier city that is aesthetically balanced and sustainable.