A qualitative descriptive exploratory study of teaching methodologies utilised by nurse educators in South West Nigeria.
Lateef, Monsurat Adepeju.
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Background: Teaching methodologies are indispensable in nursing education. Globally, they are fundamental of teaching and learning in all higher institutions of learning. Nurse educators require competencies in facilitating learners using methods that enhance students learning, particularly in acquiring essential knowledge and skills. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to explore, and describe the experiences of nurse educators regarding teaching methodologies utilized in selected nursing education institutions in South West Nigeria, and to propose possible commendation that will improve effective teaching and learning for the students. Methodology: A qualitative exploratory, descriptive phenomenological research study was conducted. In this study, the sample size of the participants was determined by data saturation and a total number of fifteen nurse educators currently working as nurse teachers with not less than one year of teaching experience participated in the study. A purposive sampling was used to recruit participants from three nursing schools, and semi-structured, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with fifteen (15) nurse educators between the period of June- July 2016 regarding the teaching methodologies utilizes and their experiences. Data was captured using an audio recorder and later transcribed verbalism with the field notes using In vivo manual coding for qualitative according to Saldana. Data analysis was done manually using content thematic analysis by assigning a label to each section of the interviewed transcript, using a word or short phrase taken from that section of the data. This led to the formation of the major themes and sub-themes. Findings: The findings from this study revealed four major themes: teaching methodologies used by nurse educators; experiences of nurse educators; enabling conditions for quality teaching practices; and challenges to teaching and learning. The findings confirmed that the training of nurses demands the use of various methods. Data analysis indicated that nurse educators use various teaching methods to facilitate student learning, similar to other studies done in different countries. The dynamic changes occurring in the health care professions required a radical shift in the way students are taught, to develop them into competent nurses of the future, who are capable of using their skills to solve the health care needs of the populace. Analysis of the data in this study revealed that a number of factors hindered effective utilization of teaching methodologies. Conclusions: Effective use of teaching methodologies is a cornerstone to the future of nursing education, and nursing practice in general. There is a need to produce competent nurses by taking into consideration the diversity of students in higher education, and responding effectively to the needs of teachers and students, as well as institutional demands. Key words: Nurse Educators’ experience, nursing education institution, nursing student, teaching methodologies.