A vapour-liquid equilibrium study on sub-critical systems using a static apparatus.
Wilson, Etienne P.
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High pressure vapour-liquid equilibrium experiments were undertaken with a static high-pressure apparatus designed by Prof. J. D. Raal and commissioned by Prof. D. Ramjugernath. Isothermal VLE binary data data was measured at moderate temperatures and pressures ranging from atmospheric to 7.2 bar. The equipment had a combined operating pressure and temperature limit of approximately 150 bar and 215° C respectively. The apparatus was initially designed for the measurement of gas-liquid binary systems- where one of the components was supercritical at the operating conditions. Test data were measured for the pentane + ethanol system at 100.41°C. The 2-methyl-2-butene + TAME, hydrocarbon + olefin system, was observed at 70°C, 94.6°C and 104.5°C. The apparatus was modified for the measurement of binary systems containing sub-critical components at the operating conditions specified. An injection port was installed on the apparatus assembly such that the second component of the binary system could be introduced into the equilibrium cell. The binary VLE data was regressed using various thermodynamic models. The direct method or phi-phi approach was considered. The equations of state models used in the regression were the Peng-Robinson-Stryjek-Vera (PRSV) and Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK). The 1-fluid van der Waals, Wong and Sandler mixing rules were selected to estimate binary interactions. The excess Gibbs energy equations coupled with the Wong and Sandler mixing rules were the NRTL and WILSON equations.