Analysis of a binary response : an application to entrepreneurship success in South Sudan.
Lugga, James Lemi John Stephen.
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Just over half (50:6%) of the population of South Sudan lives on less than one US Dollar a day. Three quarters of the population live below the poverty line (NBS, Poverty Report, 2010). Generally, effective government policy to reduce unemployment and eradicate poverty focuses on stimulating new businesses. Micro and small enterprises (MSEs) are the major source of employment and income for many in under-developed countries. The objective of this study is to identify factors that determine business success and failure in South Sudan. To achieve this objective, generalized linear models, survey logistic models, the generalized linear mixed models and multiple correspondence analysis are used. The data used in this study is generated from the business survey conducted in 2010. The response variable, which is defined as business success or failure was measured by profit and loss in businesses. Fourteen explanatory variables were identified as factors contributing to business success and failure. A main effect model consisting of the fourteen explanatory variables and three interaction effects were fitted to the data. In order to account for the complexity of the survey design, survey logistic and generalized linear mixed models are refitted to the same variables in the main effect model. To confirm the results from the model we used multiple correspondence analysis.