Exploration of factors that influence the utilisation of HIV/AIDS prevention mehtods among University of KwaZulu-Natal students residing in a selected campus.
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In this study, the researcher is interested in the utilization of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among university students. The purpose of this study was to explore factors that influence the utilization of existing HIV/AIDS prevention methods amongst students at the University of KwaZulu-Natal residing in a selected campus. Four residences within the selected campus were randomly selected and participants were conveniently selected from each of sampled residences. There was a total of 335 respondents and 261 (78%) completed the manual questionnaires while 74 (22%) completed online questionnaires. The study used quantitative approach and was descriptive-exploratory in nature. Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 15. The majority of respondents were young people with the mean age of 22.9 years. The sample comprised 278 (78%) undergraduate and 57 (17%) post graduate students. Study findings showed that the factors which influenced the utilization of HIV/AIDS prevention methods varied and that they were mainly influenced by the awareness of the existing university-based HIV/AIDS prevention strategies. It also emerged that the mostly utilized HIV prevention methods were VCT services and free condoms. Perceived susceptibility and the perceived threat of HIV/AIDS score was also found to be correlated with HIV Risk Index score. Furthermore, there was Correlation between perceived susceptibility and perceived threat of HIV/AIDS and self-efficacy on condoms and their utilization. However, there seemed to be no relationship between utilization of HIV/AIDS prevention methods and these variables. In conclusion, the findings of this study suggest that most of Health Beliefs Model (HBM) variables were not predictors of the utilization of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among students. Intervention aiming to improve the utilization of HIV/AIDS prevention methods among students at the UKZN should focus on removing identified barriers, promoting HIV/AIDS prevention services and providing correct knowledge on HIV for behavioral change.