A study of the use of statistical turbulence parameters in correlating axial dispersion data in the central core of air flowing in a pipe.
The longitudinal fluctuations at a point in the core of air flowing through a 15 cm. diameter pipe at a mean centerline velocity of 13.4 and 29.5 m/sec. were measured with a hot-wire anemometer. This signal, after analog to digital conversion, was stored in the form of digital samples on an ICT computer drum storage device. This method of data recording includes the effect of all eddy frequencies from DC upwards and the presence of large, slow eddies in the longitudinal direction became apparent in the subsequent autocorrelations. The longitudinal dispersion of a tracer material injected on the axis of the pipe was measured over short distances with pulses of approx. 20 msecs. duration of radioactive Krypton-85, detected at two downstream stations by small surface-barrier radiation detectors. By varying the separation of these two stations, an asymptotic mixing coefficient was established which was very much greater than the corresponding transverse mixing coefficient measured by other workers. The method proposed by Philip (4) for the prediction of the Lagrangian time autocorrelation from the Eulerian velocity measurements was examined with the correlation data of Baldwin and the data obtained in this investigation. The method applied to the unfiltered correlation data in the present measurements in a non-isotropic field to predict a longitudinal turbulent Peclet no. was found to predict a value in the region measured experimentally. When the present velocity data was filtered to remove the low-frequency components and give a turbulence intensity equal to that measured in a radial direction in previous dispersion measurements, the mixing coefficient predicted with Philip's method was found to agree very well with the transverse mixing coefficient reported in these investigations. A value is also suggested for the longitudinal Peclet number in the absence of the low frequency fluctuations.