Now showing items 11-20 of 132
Empowering women in human immunodeficiency virus prevention.
Women comprise one-half of people infected with the human immunodeficiency virus in the world, and about 70% of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. Advancing, untreated HIV disease in women has resulted in substantial declines ...
Innate immune activation enhances HIV acquisition in women, diminishing the effectiveness of tenofovir microbicide gel.
(Oxford University Press., 2012-09-01)
The antiretroviral agent, tenofovir, formulated as a vaginal microbicide gel, reduces human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition by 39% in women. This study assessed the role of preexisting immune activation in ...
Topical microbicides - What's new?
(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins., 2013-07-01)
Topical microbicides are an important, promising but complex HIV prevention technology under development. After 11 disappointing effectiveness trial outcomes of 6 candidate products (some tested as multiple doses and ...
Time for gender mainstreaming in editorial policies.
(International AIDS Society., 2011)
The HIV epidemic has been continuously growing among women, and in some parts of the world, HIV-infected women outnumber men. Women’s greater vulnerability to HIV, both biologically and socially, influences their health ...
Expanding HIV surveillance to include TB patients in resource-limited settings with a generalized epidemic.
(International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease., 2009-12-01)
Screening of antenatal clinic attendees is central to monitoring the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic. However, recent evidence suggests that declining fertility rates are affecting the reliability of antenatal ...
The global HIV epidemic: current status and challenges.
(Current Medicine Group., 2013-06)
Three decades after the first reported cases of AIDS we have within our reach sufficient evidence to substantially alter the HIV epidemic at a country level regardless of mode of transmission of HIV. There are a growing ...
HIV and maternal mortality: turning the tide.
No abstract available.
Stabilizing HIV prevalence masks high HIV incidence rates amongst rural and urban women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
(Oxford University Press for the International Epidemiological Association., 2011-08)
Objective: To determine the HIV incidence rate among rural and urban women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study from March 2004 to May 2007. Volunteers were recruited from a ...
Preventing HIV infection in women: A global health imperative.
(Oxford University Press on behalf of University of Chicago Press., 2010-05-15)
Women account for approximately one-half of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections worldwide. Sexual transmission is the dominant mode of HIV transmission to women, and there is a concomitant associated epidemic ...
The changing epidemiology of HIV in 2013.
(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins., 2013-07)
Purpose of review. We sought to review the recent epidemiology of HIV-1 and to identify emerging challenges in HIV surveillance and epidemic control. Recent findings. There is increasing evidence that HIV epidemics are ...