Now showing items 1-10 of 10
A review of progress on HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis.
As a United Nations member state, South Africa is signatory to the Millennium Declaration and is committed to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and targets for 2015. This chapter provides an overview ...
HIV and maternal mortality: turning the tide.
No abstract available.
Preventing HIV infection in women: A global health imperative.
(Oxford University Press on behalf of University of Chicago Press., 2010)
Women account for approximately one-half of all human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections worldwide. Sexual transmission is the dominant mode of HIV transmission to women, and there is a concomitant associated epidemic ...
Plasma cytokine levels during acute HIV-1 infection predict HIV disease progression.
(Lippincott Williams & Wilkins., 2010)
Background: Both T-cell activation during early HIV-1 infection and soluble markers of immune activation during chronic infection are predictive of HIV disease progression. Although the acute phase of HIV infection is ...
Effectiveness and safety of tenofovir gel, an antiretroviral microbicide, for the prevention of HIV infection in women.
(American Association for the Advancement of Science., 2010)
The Centre for the AIDS Program of Research in South Africa (CAPRISA) 004 trial assessed the effectiveness and safety of a 1% vaginal gel formulation of tenofovir, a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor, for the ...
Recruitment of high risk women for HIV prevention trials: baseline HIV prevalence and sexual behavior in the CAPRISA 004 tenofovir gel trial.
(Biomed Central, 2010)
Background: Young women in sub-Saharan Africa bear a disproportionate burden of HIV infection compared to men but have limited options to reduce their HIV risk. Microbicides could fill an important HIV prevention gap ...
Stabilizing HIV prevalence masks high HIV incidence rates amongst rural and urban women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
(Oxford University Press for the International Epidemiological Association., 2010)
Objective: To determine the HIV incidence rate among rural and urban women in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study from March 2004 to May 2007. Volunteers were recruited from a ...
Screening for ‘window-period’ acute HIV infection among pregnant women in rural South Africa.
(Wiley-Blackwell for British HIV Association., 2010)
Objectives. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HIV-1 RNA pooled nucleic acid amplification testing (NAAT) strategy to screen pregnant women in the ‘window period’ of acute HIV infection (AHI) in rural South ...
Timing of initiation of antiretroviral drugs during tuberculosis therapy.
(Massachusetts Medical Society., 2010)
Background. The rates of death are high among patients with coinfection with tuberculosis and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The optimal timing for the initiation of antiretroviral therapy in relation to tuberculosis ...
The SAPIT trial provides essential evidence on risks and benefits of integrated and sequential treatment of HIV and tuberculosis.
(Health and Medical Publications Group., 2010)
Boulle et al.(1) queried whether a clinical trial was needed to provide the evidence for the mortality benefits of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation during tuberculosis (TB) treatment. While several experts, including ...